Canine Unit

Description of the unit

The SPVM canine unit is made up of:

  • 11 dog handlers
  • 11 operational dogs
  • usually, between 5 and 10 dogs in foster families.

The unit may count on the services of 11 dog and handler teams, two of those teams are specifically assigned to the metro Unit.

Dogs from the canine unit specialize in specific types of work:

  • Dogs that have general purpose training with a specialization in narcotics detection
  • Dogs that have a specialization in building research and in explosives detection
  • Dogs that have specialized explosives detection training

Roles and responsibilities

The canine unit supports the SPVM officers in their investigations and daily activities. It is also called upon to work in certain operations where its specialties are required. For example, the unit will cooperate with police forces in Québec that do not have a canine unit or work with the dog handlers in other police forces during major events and it will participate in media, community and cultural events (in schools, community meetings or television shows) to promote the canine unit and the SPVM.

The dogs in the Escouade canine are trained to intervene in a number of situations:

Substance detection

  • Narcotics
  • Explosives
  • Firearms

Outdoor search

  • Objects used in the commission of a crime
  • Stolen objects
  • Evidence
  • Firearms or bladed weapons

Indoor search

  • Hidden suspect
  • Missing person


  • Lost or missing person
  • Suspect on the run
  • Cadaver


  • Fugitives
  • Missing person

Protection of police officers

  • High-risk operations
  • Armed or violent individual
  • Police strike (against fugitives)


  • High crime areas
  • Parks and green spaces
  • Metro stations
  • Sites with large crowds
  • Application of Highway Safety Code in the territory

Characteristics of the dogs

All the dogs come from a few highly reputable breeders in Québec or, occasionally, from other police forces. To be chosen for the squad, they must meet very specific criteria in terms of both physical attributes and behavioural qualities.

Required qualities

Perfect healthTo join the squad, the dogs must demonstrate very good physical and behavioural skills, such as:

  • Agility
  • Attraction to humans and sociability
  • Courage, strength and determination
  • Instinct for predation, play and hunting


General purpose dogs must be able to perform in a number of completely different disciplines, summer and winter alike. German shepherds and Belgian Malinois shepherds are breeds that have this diversity.

Size and gender

The chosen dogs may be male or female and are generally between 25 and 35 kg.


Whenever possible the dogs are brought into the service between the ages of 8 and 12 weeks, but the unit often gets dogs that are older or even full grown.

The dogs become operational at an average age of 2 or 3 years and generally work for 5 to 7 years.

They take a well-earned retirement around the age of 7 to 9.