Racial profiling

In order to have a common understanding of this notion, the SPVM endorses the following definition of racial profiling from the Commission des droits de la personne et des droits de la jeunesse du Québec:

«Racial profiling refers to any actions taken by a person or persons in authority with regard to a person or group of people, for security or public protection reasons, based on factors such as race, colour, ethnic or national origin or religion, without a real motive or reasonable grounds for suspicion, resulting in differential examination or treatment.

Racial profiling also includes any action by people in a position of authority who apply a measure disproportionately to segments of the population, in particular, because of their racial, ethnic or national origin or religious affiliation, real or presumed. »

As stated in its mission and dictated by its organizational values, by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and by the Québec Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms, the Service de police de la Ville de Montréal (SPVM) stipulates that the services provided by the entire staff in all interactions with citizens be free from racial profiling.

Social profiling

Social profiling is defined as any action taken by one or several persons of authority toward a person or group of people, for reasons of safety, security or public protection, which is based on elements of discrimination other than racial, as stated in section 10 of the Charter of human rights and freedoms (Québec), such as social condition, and which subjects the individual to differential examination or treatment, without actual justification or reasonable suspicions.

Criminal profiling

Criminal profiling is a legitimate police practice used to identify a suspect (regardless of visible features); this practice is used after obtaining information linked to a criminal activity committed by a person (or persons) that meet a certain description and whose behaviours (modus operandi) have been observed before, during or after perpetrating a crime.

Roles and responsibilities

The SPVM places a great deal of importance on eliminating any practices associated with illicit racial profiling. This is why the police and civilian staff are called upon to ensure their behaviour is always professional, ethical, courteous, tactful and sensitive to differences.

1. Executive

The SPVM executive has made a firm commitment to promote and maintain a strong stance against any type of illicit racial profiling.

2. Managers

All SPVM managers are responsible and accountable for offering professional services free of racial profiling.

3. Employees

All SPVM employees are required to perform their functions with the utmost respect for human rights and freedoms. This includes maintaining an uncompromising attitude toward any type of racial profiling.

To find out more

In French :

Plan stratégique en matière de profilage racial et social (2012-2014) 
Des valeurs partagées, un intérêt mutuel

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