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Motorcyclists Safety

Since you are more vulnerable on a motorbike, you must double your awareness, particularly at intersections. Visual contact with all other road users remains an effective means to avoid any trouble.

According to statistics, 40% of fatal collisions between a vehicle and a motorcycle occur at intersections. However, 42% of fatal motorcycle collisions do not involve any other vehicle, and occur at road curves, usually due to speeding.

 Licence classes authorizing the use of a motorcycle

  • Class 6A: All motorcycles.
  • Class 6B: 400 cc cylinder size or less
  • Class 6C: 125 cc cylinder size or less
  • These classes also allow the control of class 6D vehicles

Safe Practices

  • Carry out a visual inspection of the motorcycle and check:
    • the wear and air pressure of the tires;
    • oil levels;
    • the front cables;
    • gas.
  • If you are hesitant at an intersection, don’t advance first.
  • Respect speed limits.
  • Adjust speed when approaching road curves in order to negotiate them properly.
  • Practice emergency braking.
  • When it rains, decrease speed and increase the distance between you and other vehicles.
  • When approaching an intersection, adopt this rule: If I do not see, I do not pass!

Learners' Licence

Note that a class 6A learner's licence holder can be accompanied by a class 6A, 6B or 6C licence holder, provided that he/she has held the licence for at least 2 years, and his/her driver's licence is valid. In addition, the guide must drive his/her own motorbike.

Learning drivers are forbidden to transport passengers on their motorcycles.

Two classes of motorcycle learner’s driver’s licence

The class 6R (learner’s driver’s licence) authorizes its holder to drive a motorcycle on a public road only during a recognized driving lesson. Once the course is successfully completed, the learning driver can take the examination on the condition of having a learner’s permit (class 6R) for at least one month.

If the learner driver succeeds, the class 6A licence will be delivered.

Infractions and penalties


Penalties plus applicable fees

  Demerit points

Driving on a motorcycle without a helmet that conforms to standards.



Driving a road vehicle in such a way that can endanger life, public safety or property. Examples of reckless actions: driving on the back or front wheel only or, driving while seated on the handles of the motorcycle.



Driving a motorcycle with a passenger who is not sitting with his/her feet on the foot support.



Driving a motorcycle in a group of two or more in a single lane without adopting a zigzag formation.




Driving a motorcycle between two adjacent lanes of vehicles.





Motorcycle Helmet

Wearing a helmet is mandatory, and the helmet must comply with one of the standards listed in the Protective Helmets Regulation. The manufacturing standards recognized in Québec are the following:

  • Standard DOT FMVSS 218 of the United States Department of Transportation
  • The Snell Memorial Foundation standard
  • Standard CAN-3-D230 of the Canadian Standards Association
  • The standard entitled “Specifications for Protective Headgear for Vehicular Users Z90.1” of the American National Standards Institute
  • The British Standards Institute standard
  • ECE Regulation 22, United Nations Economic Commission forEuropestandard

In Québec, the DOT standard is the most common. This standard is mandatory in theUnited States, and is a minimum requirement. Helmets certified by the DOT have “DOT” labels affixed on the back. Some helmets are also certified Snell 2010 (an independent American organization) or ECE 2205 (the mandatory standard inEurope). These two standards are broadly similar, as the 2010 Snell standard aimed for harmonization with ECE 2205. The Snell standard comprises several tests, such as impact testing on the visor, and is required for motorcycle racing helmets in the majority of racing competitions, including the Canadian championship. Helmets certified Snell 2010 or ECE 2205 undergo more tests than DOT helmets, and probably offer better protection. However, the Snell 2010 and ECE 2205 certifications are mostly found on full face and flip-up helmets, but rarely on open-face helmets.

The crash helmet must have a symbol affixed by the manufacturer indicating that it complies with manufacturing standards.

To meet regulations, a helmet must also respect the following standards of use. It must:

  1. Be correctly adjusted, and firmly attached by a chin-strap
  2. Have no modifications, and it must not show signs of deterioration to its internal or external structures (A driver can repaint the helmet.) 

Source : SAAQ