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Legalization of cannabis

Cannabis regulation in Québec is defined in the Act to constitute the Société québécoise du cannabis, to enact the Cannabis Regulation Act and to amend various highway safety-related provisions. The main measures concerning it are, in particular:

  • cannabis possession;
  • cannabis cultivation;
  • cannabis use;
  • road safety

Prohibition of cannabis cultivation

In Québec it is totally forbidden to cultivate cannabis for personal purposes. It should be noted that it is also forbidden to possess a cannabis plant.

The legalization of cannabis comes into force on October 17, 2018.

CANNABIS POSSESSION

You are under 18 years of age. 
The provincial law forbids you to have cannabis in your possession.

You are 18 years of age and over
Under the provincial law, you may:

  • acquire cannabis, but only from the Société québécoise du cannabis (SQDC) ;
  • have in your possession 30 grams or less of dried cannabis or its equivalent in a public place;
  • have in your possession 150 grams or less of dried cannabis or its equivalent in one or more private places; this quantity includes all possessions of all persons of adult age who live in the same residence;
  • smoke in certain public places; note that it is forbidden to smoke in some places; to know the prohibitions.

PLACES WHERE CANNABIS MAY BE CONSUMED

It is important to comply with the legal provisions in place to avoid exposing yourself to prosecution.

It is forbidden to smoke or vape cannabis anywhere it is already forbidden to smoke or vape tobacco, in addition to certain other places.

Cannabis must be kept in a safe manner, somewhere that is not easily accessible to minors or pets.

The provincial law prohibits cultivation of cannabis for personal purposes or having a cannabis plant in your possession.

FILING A COMPLAINT

YOU WITNESS THE SALE OF CANNABIS AND WANT TO REPORT THIS SITUATION TO YOUR NEIGHBOURHOOD POLICE STATION? YOU CAN ALSO PROVIDE INFORMATION THAT WOULD IDENTIFY THE SELLER.

Visit your neighbourhood police station or send your observations online.

YOU WANT TO MAKE A COMPLAINT AGAINST A PERSON WHO SMOKES CANNABIS IN A PLACE WHERE THIS IS NOT PERMITTED.

The Gouvernement du Québec and the police forces are responsible for enforcing the provisions regarding cannabis smoked in public spaces regarding the Cannabis Control Act.

Call 911 if it is an urgent or worrying situation.

For information only, it is preferable to call 1-877-416-8222.

YOU ARE BOTHERED BY THE ODOUR OF CANNABIS SMOKED IN A PLACE WHERE THIS IS PERMITTED. 

The Cannabis Control Act allows a person to smoke cannabis in public places on condition that he or she complies with the rules regarding the places where this is permitted.

We invite you to visit the website encadrementcannabis.gouv.qc.ca/en/ for more information or call 1-877-416-8222 to make a complaint.

Note that municipal by-laws may vary by city or borough.

YOU ARE BOTHERED BY THE ODOUR OF CANNABIS IN A DWELLING.

Obtain information from the Régie du logement. A landlord may prohibit tenants from smoking cannabis inside his residential building.

ROAD SAFETY

Impaired driving remains a criminal offence. It is forbidden to drive or have the care or control of a road vehicle when cannabis is present in your body. Any consumption of cannabis in a road vehicle is prohibited.

Call 911 if you witness impaired driving.

FIND OUT MORE

Alcohol or Drug Impaired Driving

Driving Under the Influence – Legal Consequences

Amendments to the Highway Safety Code in relation to consumption of cannabis

 

The Gouvernement du Québec has designed the cannabis regulation website REGULATION OF CANNABIS IN QUÉBEC. You are invited to visit it to find answers to your questions.

If you are concerned about the consumption of someone you know, visit SANTEMONTREAL.QC.CA.

The SQDC, the only place in Québec where it is permitted to buy cannabis.

REGULATION OF CANNABIS - VILLE DE MONTRÉAL - 311 

 

 


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